Lehrstuhl für Computergrafik

Uncertain Transport in Unsteady Flows

Tobias Rapp and Carsten Dachsbacher

Accepted to IEEE VIS 2020 short papers.

Uncertain Transport in Unsteady Flows
We visualize transport under uncertainties in the Red Sea ensemble dataset. The backward DBS on the left indicates material surfaces that are maximally diffusive. Since the DBS assumes only small-scale stochastic deviations, we propose a complementary visualization of the absolute scale of uncertainties in the Lagrangian frame.

Abstract

We study uncertainty in the dynamics of time-dependent flows by identifying barriers and enhancers to stochastic transport. This topological segmentation is closely related to the theory of Lagrangian coherent structures and is based on a recently introduced quantity, the diffusion barrier strength (DBS). The DBS is defined similar to the finite-time Lyapunov exponent (FTLE), but incorporates diffusion during flow integration. Height ridges of the DBS indicate stochastic transport barriers and enhancers, i.e. material surfaces that are minimally or maximally diffusive. To apply these concepts to real-world data, we represent uncertainty in a flow by a stochastic differential equation that consists of a deterministic and a stochastic component modeled by a Gaussian. With this formulation we identify barriers and enhancers to stochastic transport, without performing expensive Monte Carlo simulation and with a computational complexity comparable to FTLE. In addition, we propose a complementary visualization to convey the absolute scale of uncertainties in the Lagrangian frame of reference. This enables us to study uncertainty in real-world datasets, for example due to small deviations, data reduction, or estimated from multiple ensemble runs.

Notes

This work will be presented at IEEE VIS 2020.

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